Meaning: dirty

Represented in 142 languages with 83 cognate sets.

Illustrative Context

This cup is clean and that one is dirty.

Target Sense
  • The most generic term, typically adjectival, as the antonym of clean.
  • The target is the literal sense of ‘dirty’, of an object. Avoid terms that are primarily figurative, e.g. for morally impure, unfair, treacherous.
  • The target sense is visual, prototypically referring to a surface to which other materials have become applied. Avoid terms that have specific connotations of unpleasantness or smell.
  • The most neutral-register term. Avoid euphemistic terms (e.g. soiled) or slang (e.g. mucky).
  • Avoid intensifying or (negative) judgement terms, such as filthy, foul.
  • Avoid overly specific terms that identify particular types of substance that cause the dirtiness: e.g. dusty, muddy, soiled, greasy, rusty, etc..
  • Avoid terms specific to a particular form of dirtiness: e.g. stained, soiled, discoloured.
  • Avoid vaguer terms for simply black, dark, etc..

Cognate sets for meaning: dirty

Id <span style="white-space:nowrap;">IE-CoR ref. form&nbsp;</span> <span style="white-space:nowrap;">IE-CoR ref. lang.&nbsp;</span> # clades # lexemes loan? pll loan? pll deriv.? ideoph.? loan src lang. src lex cogset. Details

Lexeme Details

Language Lexeme Phonetic Phonemic Cognate set loan? pll loan? Source lang